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Agronomy 2017, 7(2), 36; doi:10.3390/agronomy7020036

Re-Programming Photosynthetic Cells of Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L) for Fructan Biosynthesis through Transgenic Expression of Fructan Biosynthetic Genes under the Control of Photosynthetic Promoters

1
Agriculture Victoria Research, AgriBio, The Centre for AgriBiosciences, Bundoora, Melbourne, Victoria 3083, Australia
2
RMIT University, Bundoora, Melbourne, Victoria 3083, Australia
3
Agriculture Victoria Research, Hamilton, Victoria 3300, Australia
4
Monash University, Clayton, Melbourne, Victoria 3168, Australia
5
The University of Melbourne, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, Hamilton, Victoria 3300, Australia
6
School of Applied Systems Biology, La Trobe University, AgriBio, The Centre for AgriBiosciences, Bundoora, Melbourne, Victoria 3083, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Langridge
Received: 16 February 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2017 / Accepted: 10 May 2017 / Published: 25 May 2017
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Abstract

High molecular weight fructans are the main class of water-soluble carbohydrate used for energy storage in many temperate grass species including perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). As well as being important readily mobilisable energy reserves for the plant, fructans are also involved in stress tolerance. Fructans are also readily digested by grazing ruminants and hence are a valuable source of energy for sheep, beef and dairy production systems in temperate regions. This paper describes the re-programming of the expression of fructan biosynthesis genes through the transgenic manipulation of 6-glucose fructosyltransferase (6G-FFT) and sucrose:sucrose 1-fructosyl-transferase (1-SST) in perennial ryegrass. Transgenic events were developed with altered fructan accumulation patterns with increases in fructan accumulation and greatly increased accumulation of fructan in leaf blades as opposed to the traditional site of fructan accumulation in the pseudostem. This altered site of fructan accumulation has potential benefits for animal production as leaf blades form the major part of the diet of grazing ruminants. Some of the transgenic events also exhibited enhanced biomass production. This combination of high quality and enhanced yield is of great interest to forage plant breeders and whilst the expression of these phenotypes needs to be confirmed under field conditions, the identification and characterisation of the transgenic events described in this paper validate the potential for the manipulation of fructan biosynthesis in perennial ryegrass. View Full-Text
Keywords: fructan; ryegrass; Lolium perenne; transgenic; cisgenic fructan; ryegrass; Lolium perenne; transgenic; cisgenic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Panter, S.; Mouradov, A.; Badenhorst, P.; Martelotto, L.; Griffith, M.; Smith, K.F.; Spangenberg, G. Re-Programming Photosynthetic Cells of Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L) for Fructan Biosynthesis through Transgenic Expression of Fructan Biosynthetic Genes under the Control of Photosynthetic Promoters. Agronomy 2017, 7, 36.

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