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Agronomy 2017, 7(2), 34; doi:10.3390/agronomy7020034

Variation for Concentrations of Various Phytoestrogens and Agronomic Traits Among a Broad Range of Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) Cultivars and Accessions

1
Agriculture Victoria, Private Bag 105 Hamilton, Victoria 3300, Australia
2
Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Private Bag 105 Hamilton, Victoria 3300, Australia
3
Reed Pasture Science, Brighton East, Victoria, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: John W. Forster
Received: 15 September 2016 / Revised: 1 May 2017 / Accepted: 2 May 2017 / Published: 5 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [571 KB, uploaded 5 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Agronomic characteristics and phytoestrogen concentrations were measured on 17 cultivars and 47 accessions of red clover (Trifolium pratense). These accessions included a range of currently recommended cultivars—from Australia and overseas—and germplasm accessed from genetic resource collections. All lines were grown in the field at Hamilton Vic in 2000 and 2001. Significant genetic variation was detected for key agronomic parameters such as growth habit, leaf shape and markings, leaf area, herbage yield, flowering time, and prolificacy. Significant variation in the concentration of the four main phytoestrogens was found; total isoflavone concentration ranged from 0.14–1.45% DM. Maximum concentrations of daidzein, genistein, formononetin, and biochanin were 0.06, 0.08, 0.86, and 0.91% DM respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the accessions grouped into 10 distinct clusters that had between 1 and 10 members. Several accessions were superior to existing cultivars—notably Mediterranean accessions with regard to cool season vigour—and valuable for breeding programs to develop high yielding cultivars with either high (for possible medicinal purposes) or low (for grazing) phytoestrogen concentrations. View Full-Text
Keywords: red clover; variability; phytoestrogen red clover; variability; phytoestrogen
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MDPI and ACS Style

Little, V.; Reed, K.F.; Smith, K.F. Variation for Concentrations of Various Phytoestrogens and Agronomic Traits Among a Broad Range of Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) Cultivars and Accessions. Agronomy 2017, 7, 34.

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