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Agronomy 2016, 6(1), 16; doi:10.3390/agronomy6010016

Organically Grown Soybean Production in the USA: Constraints and Management of Pathogens and Insect Pests

1
USDA-ARS, 1101 W. Peabody St, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
2
Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 1101 W. Peabody St, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alan H. Schulman
Received: 31 October 2015 / Revised: 31 December 2015 / Accepted: 13 February 2016 / Published: 23 February 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2415 KB, uploaded 23 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

Soybean is the most produced and consumed oil seed crop worldwide. In 2013, 226 million metric tons were produced in over 70 countries. Organically produced soybean represents less than 0.1% of total world production. In the USA, the certified organic soybean crop was grown on 53 thousand ha or 0.17% of the total soybean acreage in the USA (32 million ha) in 2011. A gradual increase in production of organically grown soybean has occurred since the inception of organic labeling due to increased human consumption of soy products and increased demand for organic soybean meal to produce organic animal products. Production constraints caused by pathogens and insect pests are often similar in organic and non-organic soybean production, but management between the two systems often differs. In general, the non-organic, grain-type soybean crop are genetically modified higher-yielding cultivars, often with disease and pest resistance, and are grown with the use of synthetic pesticides. The higher value of organically produced soybean makes production of the crop an attractive option to some farmers. This article reviews production and uses of organically grown soybean in the USA, potential constraints to production caused by pathogens and insect pests, and management practices used to reduce the impact of these constraints. View Full-Text
Keywords: soybean; edamame; soymilk; tofu; aphids; rust; Sclerotinia stem rot; stink bugs; sudden death syndrome; cyst nematode soybean; edamame; soymilk; tofu; aphids; rust; Sclerotinia stem rot; stink bugs; sudden death syndrome; cyst nematode
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hartman, G.L.; Pawlowski, M.L.; Herman, T.K.; Eastburn, D. Organically Grown Soybean Production in the USA: Constraints and Management of Pathogens and Insect Pests. Agronomy 2016, 6, 16.

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