Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Catch the Best: Novel Screening Strategy to Select Stress Protecting Agents for Crop Plants
Previous Article in Journal
Identification of Water Stress in Citrus Leaves Using Sensing Technologies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Enhancing the Sustainability of Quinoa Production and Soil Resilience by Using Bioproducts Made with Native Microorganisms
Agronomy 2013, 3(4), 757-793; doi:10.3390/agronomy3040757
Review

A Review of the Applications of Chitin and Its Derivatives in Agriculture to Modify Plant-Microbial Interactions and Improve Crop Yields

Received: 9 August 2013; in revised form: 8 September 2013 / Accepted: 9 September 2013 / Published: 21 November 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [644 KB, uploaded 21 November 2013]   |   Browse Figure
Abstract: In recent decades, a greater knowledge of chitin chemistry, and the increased availability of chitin-containing waste materials from the seafood industry, have led to the testing and development of chitin-containing products for a wide variety of applications in the agriculture industry. A number of modes of action have been proposed for how chitin and its derivatives can improve crop yield. In addition to direct effects on plant nutrition and plant growth stimulation, chitin-derived products have also been shown to be toxic to plant pests and pathogens, induce plant defenses and stimulate the growth and activity of beneficial microbes. A repeating theme of the published studies is that chitin-based treatments augment and amplify the action of beneficial chitinolytic microbes. This article reviews the evidence for claims that chitin-based products can improve crop yields and the current understanding of the modes of action with a focus on plant-microbe interactions.
Keywords: chitin; chitosan; plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria; induced defenses chitin; chitosan; plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria; induced defenses
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Sharp, R.G. A Review of the Applications of Chitin and Its Derivatives in Agriculture to Modify Plant-Microbial Interactions and Improve Crop Yields. Agronomy 2013, 3, 757-793.

AMA Style

Sharp RG. A Review of the Applications of Chitin and Its Derivatives in Agriculture to Modify Plant-Microbial Interactions and Improve Crop Yields. Agronomy. 2013; 3(4):757-793.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sharp, Russell G. 2013. "A Review of the Applications of Chitin and Its Derivatives in Agriculture to Modify Plant-Microbial Interactions and Improve Crop Yields." Agronomy 3, no. 4: 757-793.


Agronomy EISSN 2073-4395 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert