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Polymers 2016, 8(7), 243; doi:10.3390/polym8070243

Enzymatic Synthesis of Biobased Polyesters and Polyamides

1,2
and
1,2,*
1
Department of Polymer Chemistry, Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
2
Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), P.O. Box 902, 5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: André Laschewsky
Received: 16 May 2016 / Revised: 1 June 2016 / Accepted: 6 June 2016 / Published: 25 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymatic Polymer Synthesis)

Abstract

Nowadays, “green” is a hot topic almost everywhere, from retailers to universities to industries; and achieving a green status has become a universal aim. However, polymers are commonly considered not to be “green”, being associated with massive energy consumption and severe pollution problems (for example, the “Plastic Soup”) as a public stereotype. To achieve green polymers, three elements should be entailed: (1) green raw materials, catalysts and solvents; (2) eco-friendly synthesis processes; and (3) sustainable polymers with a low carbon footprint, for example, (bio)degradable polymers or polymers which can be recycled or disposed with a gentle environmental impact. By utilizing biobased monomers in enzymatic polymerizations, many advantageous green aspects can be fulfilled. For example, biobased monomers and enzyme catalysts are renewable materials that are derived from biomass feedstocks; enzymatic polymerizations are clean and energy saving processes; and no toxic residuals contaminate the final products. Therefore, synthesis of renewable polymers via enzymatic polymerizations of biobased monomers provides an opportunity for achieving green polymers and a future sustainable polymer industry, which will eventually play an essential role for realizing and maintaining a biobased and sustainable society. View Full-Text
Keywords: enzymatic polymerization; biobased polyesters; biobased polyamides; biobased monomer; lipase; renewable resources enzymatic polymerization; biobased polyesters; biobased polyamides; biobased monomer; lipase; renewable resources
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jiang, Y.; Loos, K. Enzymatic Synthesis of Biobased Polyesters and Polyamides. Polymers 2016, 8, 243.

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