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The Effect of Salt on the Complex Coacervation of Vinyl Polyelectrolytes
AbstractComplex coacervation is an electrostatically-driven phase separation phenomenon that is utilized in a wide range of everyday applications and is of great interest for the creation of self-assembled materials. Here, we utilized turbidity to characterize the effect of salt type on coacervate formation using two vinyl polyelectrolytes, poly(acrylic acid sodium salt) (pAA) and poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (pAH), as simple models for industrial and biological coacervates. We confirmed the dominant role of salt valence on the extent of coacervate formation, while demonstrating the presence of significant secondary effects, which can be described by Hofmeister-like behavior. These results revealed the importance of ion-specific interactions, which are crucial for the informed design of coacervate-based materials for use in complex ionic environments, and can enable more detailed theoretical investigations on the role of subtle electrostatic and thermodynamic effects in complex coacervation.
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Perry, S.L.; Li, Y.; Priftis, D.; Leon, L.; Tirrell, M. The Effect of Salt on the Complex Coacervation of Vinyl Polyelectrolytes. Polymers 2014, 6, 1756-1772.View more citation formats
Perry SL, Li Y, Priftis D, Leon L, Tirrell M. The Effect of Salt on the Complex Coacervation of Vinyl Polyelectrolytes. Polymers. 2014; 6(6):1756-1772.Chicago/Turabian Style
Perry, Sarah L.; Li, Yue; Priftis, Dimitrios; Leon, Lorraine; Tirrell, Matthew. 2014. "The Effect of Salt on the Complex Coacervation of Vinyl Polyelectrolytes." Polymers 6, no. 6: 1756-1772.