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Polymers 2014, 6(6), 1773-1793; doi:10.3390/polym6061773

Long-Term Flexural Behaviors of GFRP Reinforced Concrete Beams Exposed to Accelerated Aging Exposure Conditions

1
Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 April 2014 / Revised: 3 June 2014 / Accepted: 5 June 2014 / Published: 16 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites in Structural Engineering)
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Abstract

This study investigates the impact of accelerated aging conditions on the long-term flexural behavior and ductility of reinforced concrete (RC) members with glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars (RC-GFRP specimen) and steel bars (RC-steel specimen). A total of thirty six specimens were designed with different amounts of reinforcement with three types of reinforcing bars (i.e., helically wrapped GFRP, sand-coated surface GFRP and steel). Eighteen specimens were subjected to sustained loads and accelerated aging conditions (i.e., 47 °C and 80% relative humidity) in a chamber. The flexural behavior of specimens under 300-day exposure was compared to that of the companion specimens without experiencing accelerated aging conditions. Results indicate that the accelerated aging conditions reduced flexural capacity in not only RC-steel, but also RC-GFRP specimens, with different rates of reduction. Different types of GFRP reinforcement exhibited different rates of degradation of the flexural capacity when embedded in concrete under the same exposure conditions. Several existing models were compared with experimental results for predicting the deflection and deformability index for specimens. Bischoff and Gross’s model exhibited an excellent prediction of the time-dependent deflections. Except for the deformability index proposed by Jaeger, there was no general trend related to the aging duration. This study recommends the need for further investigation on the prediction of the deformability index. View Full-Text
Keywords: glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP); flexural behaviors; accelerated aging; deflection; deformability glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP); flexural behaviors; accelerated aging; deflection; deformability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Park, Y.; Kim, Y.H.; Lee, S.-H. Long-Term Flexural Behaviors of GFRP Reinforced Concrete Beams Exposed to Accelerated Aging Exposure Conditions. Polymers 2014, 6, 1773-1793.

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