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Exergetical Evaluation of Biobased Synthesis Pathways
Institute of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, TU Graz, Inffeldgasse 25/C/II, Graz 8010, Austria
Department of Values, Technology and Innovation, TPM—Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, Jaffalaan 5, BX Delft NL-2628, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 January 2014; in revised form: 26 January 2014 / Accepted: 27 January 2014 / Published: 29 January 2014
Abstract: The vast majority of today’s chemical products are based on crude oil. An attractive and sustainable alternative feedstock is biomass. Since crude oil and biomass differ in various properties, new synthesis pathways and processes have to be developed. In order to prioritize limited resources for research and development (R & D), their economic potential must be estimated in the early stages of development. A suitable measure for an estimation of the economic potential is based on exergy balances. Different structures of synthesis pathways characterised by the chemical exergy of the main components are evaluated. Based on a detailed evaluation of the underlying processes, general recommendations for future bio-based synthesis pathways are derived.
Keywords: biomass; bio-based products; exergy analysis; synthesis pathways
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MDPI and ACS Style
Frenzel, P.; Hillerbrand, R.; Pfennig, A. Exergetical Evaluation of Biobased Synthesis Pathways. Polymers 2014, 6, 327-345.
Frenzel P, Hillerbrand R, Pfennig A. Exergetical Evaluation of Biobased Synthesis Pathways. Polymers. 2014; 6(2):327-345.
Frenzel, Philipp; Hillerbrand, Rafaela; Pfennig, Andreas. 2014. "Exergetical Evaluation of Biobased Synthesis Pathways." Polymers 6, no. 2: 327-345.