Comparative Study of Phase Transformation in Single-Crystal Germanium during Single and Cyclic Nanoindentation
AbstractSingle-crystal germanium is a semiconductor material which shows complicated phase transformation under high pressure. In this study, new insight into the phase transformation of diamond-cubic germanium (dc-Ge) was attempted by controlled cyclic nanoindentation combined with Raman spectroscopic analysis. Phase transformation from dc-Ge to rhombohedral phase (r8-Ge) was experimentally confirmed for both single and cyclic nanoindentation under high loading/unloading rates. However, compared to single indentation, double cyclic indentation with a low holding load between the cycles caused more frequent phase transformation events. Double cyclic indentation caused more stress in Ge than single indentation and increased the possibility of phase transformation. With increase in the holding load, the number of phase transformation events decreased and finally became less than that under single indentation. This phenomenon was possibly caused by defect nucleation and shear accumulation during the holding process, which were promoted by a high holding load. The defect nucleation suppressed the phase transformation from dc-Ge to r8-Ge, and shear accumulation led to another phase transformation pathway, respectively. A high holding load promoted these two phenomena, and thus decreased the possibility of phase transformation from dc-Ge to r8-Ge. View Full-Text
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Kosai, K.; Huang, H.; Yan, J. Comparative Study of Phase Transformation in Single-Crystal Germanium during Single and Cyclic Nanoindentation. Crystals 2017, 7, 333.
Kosai K, Huang H, Yan J. Comparative Study of Phase Transformation in Single-Crystal Germanium during Single and Cyclic Nanoindentation. Crystals. 2017; 7(11):333.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kosai, Koji; Huang, Hu; Yan, Jiwang. 2017. "Comparative Study of Phase Transformation in Single-Crystal Germanium during Single and Cyclic Nanoindentation." Crystals 7, no. 11: 333.
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