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Catalysts 2015, 5(4), 2244-2257; doi:10.3390/catal5042244

High-Throughput Screening of Heterogeneous Catalysts for the Conversion of Furfural to Bio-Based Fuel Components

1
Section Industrial Chemistry, Università di Messina, V.le F. Stagno D’Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy
2
Avantium Chemicals, Zekeringstraat 29, 1014 BV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rafael Luque
Received: 15 November 2015 / Revised: 7 December 2015 / Accepted: 8 December 2015 / Published: 16 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Conversion of Biomass)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [301 KB, uploaded 16 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

The one-pot catalytic reductive etherification of furfural to 2-methoxymethylfuran (furfuryl methyl ether, FME), a valuable bio-based chemical or fuel, is reported. A large number of commercially available hydrogenation heterogeneous catalysts based on nickel, copper, cobalt, iridium, palladium and platinum catalysts on various support were evaluated by a high-throughput screening approach. The reaction was carried out in liquid phase with a 10% w/w furfural in methanol solution at 50 bar of hydrogen. Among all the samples tested, carbon-supported noble metal catalysts were found to be the most promising in terms of productivity and selectivity. In particular, palladium on charcoal catalysts show high selectivity (up to 77%) to FME. Significant amounts of furfuryl alcohol (FA) and 2-methylfuran (2-MF) are observed as the major by-products. View Full-Text
Keywords: furfural; high-throughput; screening; heterogeneous catalysis; palladium catalyst; carbonaceous supports; reductive etherification of aldehydes furfural; high-throughput; screening; heterogeneous catalysis; palladium catalyst; carbonaceous supports; reductive etherification of aldehydes
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pizzi, R.; van Putten, R.-J.; Brust, H.; Perathoner, S.; Centi, G.; van der Waal, J.C. High-Throughput Screening of Heterogeneous Catalysts for the Conversion of Furfural to Bio-Based Fuel Components. Catalysts 2015, 5, 2244-2257.

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