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Catalysts 2013, 3(1), 88-103; doi:10.3390/catal3010088
Article

Coating SiO2 Support with TiO2 or ZrO2 and Effects on Structure and CO Oxidation Performance of Pt Catalysts

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Received: 10 November 2012; in revised form: 13 November 2012 / Accepted: 29 January 2013 / Published: 6 February 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Combustion)
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Abstract: In this work, we studied how TiO2 and ZrO2 coatings enhance the CO oxidation performance of SiO2-supported Pt catalysts under conditions relevant to automotive emissions control. SiO2 was coated with metal oxides TiO2 or ZrO2 by sol-gel method and the subsequent Pt loading was done by incipient wetness method. The prepared catalysts Pt/TiO2-SiO2 and Pt/ZrO2-SiO2 were compared with Pt/SiO2 and Pt/Al2O3 in fresh, sulfated, and hydrothermally aged states. The structure of the catalysts was characterized with BET, XRD, TEM, EDS, EXAFS, XANES, TPD and TPR to help interpret the CO oxidation performance. Higher dispersion, stability, and oxidation state of Pt were achieved on TiO2-SiO2 and ZrO2-SiO2 supports due to stronger metal-support interaction leading to superior CO oxidation performance compared to Pt/SiO2 and Pt/Al2O3. TiO2 and ZrO2 coatings introduced surface acidity but negligible basicity, which is a likely reason for the weak and low adsorption of SO2. The results suggest that the sol-gel coating of SiO2 with metal oxides could be an attractive strategy for designing automotive oxidation catalysts with enhanced performance such as low-temperature activity, sulfur tolerance, and hydrothermal stability.
Keywords: platinum; SiO2; TiO2; ZrO2; surface coating; sulfur tolerance; hydrothermal stability; CO oxidation; diesel oxidation catalysts platinum; SiO2; TiO2; ZrO2; surface coating; sulfur tolerance; hydrothermal stability; CO oxidation; diesel oxidation catalysts
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, M.-Y.; Choi, J.-S.; Toops, T.J.; Jeong, E.-S.; Han, S.-W.; Schwartz, V.; Chen, J. Coating SiO2 Support with TiO2 or ZrO2 and Effects on Structure and CO Oxidation Performance of Pt Catalysts. Catalysts 2013, 3, 88-103.

AMA Style

Kim M-Y, Choi J-S, Toops TJ, Jeong E-S, Han S-W, Schwartz V, Chen J. Coating SiO2 Support with TiO2 or ZrO2 and Effects on Structure and CO Oxidation Performance of Pt Catalysts. Catalysts. 2013; 3(1):88-103.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Mi-Young; Choi, Jae-Soon; Toops, Todd J.; Jeong, Eun-Suk; Han, Sang-Wook; Schwartz, Viviane; Chen, Jihua. 2013. "Coating SiO2 Support with TiO2 or ZrO2 and Effects on Structure and CO Oxidation Performance of Pt Catalysts." Catalysts 3, no. 1: 88-103.


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