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Games 2013, 4(3), 304-328; doi:10.3390/g4030304

The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Adaptive Dynamics

1,2,3,* , 4 and 5
Received: 7 April 2013; in revised form: 9 June 2013 / Accepted: 11 June 2013 / Published: 24 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Evolutionary Game Theory and Applications)
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Abstract: Adaptive dynamics is a mathematical framework for studying evolution. It extends evolutionary game theory to account for more realistic ecological dynamics and it can incorporate both frequency- and density-dependent selection. This is a practical guide to adaptive dynamics that aims to illustrate how the methodology can be applied to the study of specific systems. The theory is presented in detail for a single, monomorphic, asexually reproducing population. We explain the necessary terminology to understand the basic arguments in models based on adaptive dynamics, including invasion fitness, the selection gradient, pairwise invasibility plots (PIP), evolutionarily singular strategies, and the canonical equation. The presentation is supported with a worked-out example of evolution of arrival times in migratory birds. We show how the adaptive dynamics methodology can be extended to study evolution in polymorphic populations using trait evolution plots (TEPs). We give an overview of literature that generalises adaptive dynamics techniques to other scenarios, such as sexual, diploid populations, and spatially-structured populations. We conclude by discussing how adaptive dynamics relates to evolutionary game theory and how adaptive-dynamics techniques can be used in speciation research.
Keywords: adaptive dynamics; evolutionary game theory; pairwise invasibility plots; evolutionarily stable strategy; evolutionary branching adaptive dynamics; evolutionary game theory; pairwise invasibility plots; evolutionarily stable strategy; evolutionary branching
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Brännström, Å.; Johansson, J.; von Festenberg, N. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Adaptive Dynamics. Games 2013, 4, 304-328.

AMA Style

Brännström Å, Johansson J, von Festenberg N. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Adaptive Dynamics. Games. 2013; 4(3):304-328.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brännström, Åke; Johansson, Jacob; von Festenberg, Niels. 2013. "The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Adaptive Dynamics." Games 4, no. 3: 304-328.

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