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Cancers 2014, 6(4), 2224-2242; doi:10.3390/cancers6042224

Highlights of the Latest Advances in Research on CDK Inhibitors

1
CALIPHO Group, Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, CMU-1, rue Michel Servet' Geneva 4 CH-1211, Switzerland
2
MAP Kinase Resource, Bern CH-3027, Switzerland
3
Proteomics Centre, Vilnius University Institute of Biochemistry, Vilnius LT-08662, Lithuania
4
Systems Biomedicine Division and Department of Virology and Immunology, Haffkine Institute for Training Research and Testing, Mumbai 400 012, India
5
Nature Research Centre, Vilnius LT-08412, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2014 / Revised: 30 September 2014 / Accepted: 14 October 2014 / Published: 27 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Kinases and Cancer)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [637 KB, uploaded 27 October 2014]   |  

Abstract

Uncontrolled proliferation is the hallmark of cancer and other proliferative disorders and abnormal cell cycle regulation is, therefore, common in these diseases. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) play a crucial role in the control of the cell cycle and proliferation. These kinases are frequently deregulated in various cancers, viral infections, neurodegenerative diseases, ischemia and some proliferative disorders. This led to a rigorous pursuit for small-molecule CDK inhibitors for therapeutic uses. Early efforts to block CDKs with nonselective CDK inhibitors led to little specificity and efficacy but apparent toxicity, but the recent advance of selective CDK inhibitors allowed the first successful efforts to target these kinases for the therapies of several diseases. Major ongoing efforts are to develop CDK inhibitors as monotherapies and rational combinations with chemotherapy and other targeted drugs. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer; kinase; CDK; small molecule inhibitors cancer; kinase; CDK; small molecule inhibitors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cicenas, J.; Kalyan, K.; Sorokinas, A.; Jatulyte, A.; Valiunas, D.; Kaupinis, A.; Valius, M. Highlights of the Latest Advances in Research on CDK Inhibitors. Cancers 2014, 6, 2224-2242.

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