Cancers 2011, 3(2), 1947-1956; doi:10.3390/cancers3021947
Review

Endoscopic Palliation for Pancreatic Cancer

1 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Virginia, PO Box 800708, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA 2 Division of Medicine, University of Virginia, PO Box 800708, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2011; in revised form: 1 April 2011 / Accepted: 1 April 2011 / Published: 13 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pancreatic Cancer)
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Abstract: Pancreatic cancer is devastating due to its poor prognosis. Patients require a multidisciplinary approach to guide available options, mostly palliative because of advanced disease at presentation. Palliation including relief of biliary obstruction, gastric outlet obstruction, and cancer-related pain has become the focus in patients whose cancer is determined to be unresectable. Endoscopic stenting for biliary obstruction is an option for drainage to avoid the complications including jaundice, pruritus, infection, liver dysfunction and eventually failure. Enteral stents can relieve gastric obstruction and allow patients to resume oral intake. Pain is difficult to treat in cancer patients and endoscopic procedures such as pancreatic stenting and celiac plexus neurolysis can provide relief. The objective of endoscopic palliation is to primarily address symptoms as well improve quality of life.
Keywords: pancreatic adenocarcinoma; biliary obstruction; gastric outlet obstruction; endoscopy; stents; palliation

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bakhru, M.; Tekola, B.; Kahaleh, M. Endoscopic Palliation for Pancreatic Cancer. Cancers 2011, 3, 1947-1956.

AMA Style

Bakhru M, Tekola B, Kahaleh M. Endoscopic Palliation for Pancreatic Cancer. Cancers. 2011; 3(2):1947-1956.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bakhru, Mihir; Tekola, Bezawit; Kahaleh, Michel. 2011. "Endoscopic Palliation for Pancreatic Cancer." Cancers 3, no. 2: 1947-1956.

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