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Metabolic Disorder, Inflammation, and Deregulated Molecular Pathways Converging in Pancreatic Cancer Development: Implications for New Therapeutic Strategies
Cancers 2011, 3(1), 494-509; doi:10.3390/cancers3010494

Diagnostic Management of Pancreatic Cancer

1 Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic Florida, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA 2 Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo, Rua Dr. Cesário Motta Jr. #61 Cep: 01221-020, São Paulo, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2010 / Revised: 20 January 2011 / Accepted: 24 January 2011 / Published: 31 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pancreatic Cancer)
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Pancreatic cancer is one of the most deadly solid tumors, with an overall 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. Due to a non-specific clinical presentation, it is often diagnosed at an advanced stage and is rarely amenable for curative treatment. Therefore early diagnosis and appropriate staging are still essential to define the best care and to improve patient survival. Several imaging modalities are currently available for the evaluation of pancreatic cancer. This review focuses on different techniques and discusses the diagnostic management of patients with pancreatic cancer. This review was conducted utilizing Pubmed and was limited to papers published within the last 5 years. The search key words pancreatic cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, pancreatic tumors, diagnosis, radiology, imaging, nuclear imaging, endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasound and biochemical markers were used.
Keywords: endosonography; pancreas; pancreatic carcinoma endosonography; pancreas; pancreatic carcinoma
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Dabizzi, E.; Assef, M.S.; Raimondo, M. Diagnostic Management of Pancreatic Cancer. Cancers 2011, 3, 494-509.

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