Cancers 2011, 3(1), 298-318; doi:10.3390/cancers3010298

Cancer Stem Cells and Pediatric Solid Tumors

1,* email and 2email
Received: 8 December 2011; in revised form: 11 January 2011 / Accepted: 13 January 2011 / Published: 14 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer Stem Cells)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Recently, a subpopulation of cells, termed tumor-initiating cells or tumor stem cells (TSC), has been identified in many different types of solid tumors. These TSC, which are typically more resistant to chemotherapy and radiation compared to other tumor cells, have properties similar to normal stem cells including multipotency and the ability to self-renew, proliferate, and maintain the neoplastic clone. Much of the research on TSC has focused on adult cancers. With considerable differences in tumor biology between adult and pediatric cancers, there may be significant differences in the presence, function and behavior of TSC in pediatric malignancies. We discuss what is currently known about pediatric solid TSC with specific focus on TSC markers, tumor microenvironment, signaling pathways, therapeutic resistance and potential future therapies to target pediatric TSC.
Keywords: cancer stem cells; pediatrics; CD133; cancer initiating cells, tumor stem cells; tumor initiating cells; cancer progenitor cells; tumor progenitor cells; children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Friedman, G.K.; Yancey Gillespie, G. Cancer Stem Cells and Pediatric Solid Tumors. Cancers 2011, 3, 298-318.

AMA Style

Friedman GK, Yancey Gillespie G. Cancer Stem Cells and Pediatric Solid Tumors. Cancers. 2011; 3(1):298-318.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Friedman, Gregory K.; Yancey Gillespie, G. 2011. "Cancer Stem Cells and Pediatric Solid Tumors." Cancers 3, no. 1: 298-318.

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