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Cancers 2010, 2(3), 1705-1716; doi:10.3390/cancers2031705
Review

Aberrant Crypt Foci: The Case for Inclusion as a Biomarker for Colon Cancer

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Received: 28 August 2010 / Accepted: 14 September 2010 / Published: 16 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomarkers: Oncology Studies)
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Abstract

Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) are one of the earliest histopathological manifestations of colon cancer. In this review, we critically present the molecular, cellular, histopathological, and chemopreventive evidence that ACF are relevant biomarkers for colon cancer. The laboratory and clinical evidence are highly suggestive that ACF are in the pathway leading to colon cancer, but not all ACF will do so. The possible fate and outcome of ACF in the progression toward colon cancer may be dependent on a number of features that define their predictive power for the prevention or progression of cancer.
Keywords: aberrant crypt foci; biomarker; colon cancer; chemoprevention aberrant crypt foci; biomarker; colon cancer; chemoprevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Wargovich, M.J.; Brown, V.R.; Morris, J. Aberrant Crypt Foci: The Case for Inclusion as a Biomarker for Colon Cancer. Cancers 2010, 2, 1705-1716.

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