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Cancers 2010, 2(2), 913-954; doi:10.3390/cancers2020913

Predictive and Prognostic Protein Biomarkers in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: Recommendation for Future Studies

1
Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (CR/CHUM), Institut du cancer de Montréal, 1560 Sherbrooke Est, Montreal, H2L4M1, QC, Canada
2
Department of Pathology and Genetic Pathology Evaluation Centre of the Prostate Research Center, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, Canada
3
Translational and Applied Genomics, BC Cancer Agency, Room 3427, 600 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, V5Z 4E6, BC, Canada
4
Département d’Obstétrique et Gynécologie, Clinique de Gynécologie Oncologie, Université de Montréal, 1560 Sherbrooke Est, Montreal, H2L4M1, QC, Canada
5
Département de Medicine, Université de Montréal, 1560 Sherbrooke Est, Montreal, H2L4M1, QC, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 March 2010 / Revised: 19 April 2010 / Accepted: 13 May 2010 / Published: 26 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomarkers: Oncology Studies)
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Abstract

Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological malignancy. Due to its lack of symptoms, this disease is diagnosed at an advanced stage when the cancer has already spread to secondary sites. While initial rates of response to first treatment is >80%, the overall survival rate of patients is extremely low, mainly due to development of drug resistance. To date, there are no reliable clinical factors that can properly stratify patients for suitable chemotherapy strategies. Clinical parameters such as disease stage, tumor grade and residual disease, although helpful in the management of patients after their initial surgery to establish the first line of treatment, are not efficient enough. Accordingly, reliable markers that are independent and complementary to clinical parameters are needed for a better management of these patients. For several years, efforts to identify prognostic factors have focused on molecular markers, with a large number having been investigated. This review aims to present a summary of the recent advances in the identification of molecular biomarkers in ovarian cancer patient tissues, as well as an overview of the need and importance of molecular markers for personalized medicine in ovarian cancer.
Keywords: gynecologic cancer; outcome; immunohistochemistry gynecologic cancer; outcome; immunohistochemistry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Le Page, C.; Huntsman, D.G.; Provencher, D.M.; Mes-Masson, A.-M. Predictive and Prognostic Protein Biomarkers in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: Recommendation for Future Studies. Cancers 2010, 2, 913-954.

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