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Micromachines 2018, 9(2), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9020052

Fiducial-Aided Robust Positioning of Optical Freeform Surfaces

1
Parnter State Key Laboratory of Ultra-Precision Machining Technology, Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
2
Robotics Institute, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 December 2017 / Revised: 25 January 2018 / Accepted: 26 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
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Abstract

Form characterization of a machined optical freeform surface demands accurate alignment of the sampled measured data points on the machined surface, and they are compared with the designed geometry of the surface through positioning. In this paper, a fiducial-aided robust positioning method (FAPM) is developed which attempts to evaluate freeform surfaces with high efficiency and precision. The FAPM method makes use of fiducials as reference datum to form a fiducial-aided computer-aided design (FA-CAD) of the freeform surface which not only establishes an inherent surface feature, but also links the different coordinate systems among design coordinate frame, machine tool, and measurement instrument. To verify the capability of the proposed method, a series of experiments were conducted. Compared with the traditional freeform measurement method (e.g., least squares method), the results indicate that the robustness and accuracy of the measurement is significantly enhanced by the FAPM. View Full-Text
Keywords: fiducials; positioning; freeform surface; precision metrology; robustness fiducials; positioning; freeform surface; precision metrology; robustness
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, S.; Cheung, C.F.; Ren, M.; Liu, M. Fiducial-Aided Robust Positioning of Optical Freeform Surfaces. Micromachines 2018, 9, 52.

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