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Micromachines 2017, 8(7), 224; doi:10.3390/mi8070224

Investigation of Micro-Bending of Sheet Metal Laminates by Laser-Driven Soft Punch in Warm Conditions

School of Mechanical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 June 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 14 July 2017 / Published: 18 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Laser Micromachining and Microfabrication)

Abstract

Microscale laser dynamic flexible forming (µLDFF) is a novel ultrahigh strain rate manufacturing technology with high efficiency and low cost. However, the µLDFF is just confined to single-layer foil at present. In this work, sheet metal laminates (Cu/Ni) were selected as the experimental material for its excellent mechanical and functional properties, and a new micro-bending method of sheet metal laminates by laser-driven soft punch was proposed in warm conditions. The micro-mold and warm platform were designed to investigate the effects of temperature and energy on formability, which were characterized by forming accuracy, surface quality, element diffusion, and so on. The experimental results show that the forming accuracy and quality increased first and then decreased with laser energy, but the hardness increased consistently. In warm conditions, the fluidity of material was improved. The forming depth and accuracy increased for the relieved springback, and the surface quality increased first and then decreased. The tensile fracture disappeared with temperature for the decreased hardness and thinning ratio, and the element diffusion occurred. Overall, this study indicates that the formability can be improved in warm conditions and provides a basis for the investigation of micro-bending of sheet metal laminates by µLDFF in warm conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: micro-bending; sheet metal laminates; laser-driven soft punch; springback; element diffusion; warm conditions micro-bending; sheet metal laminates; laser-driven soft punch; springback; element diffusion; warm conditions
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, H.; Zhang, G.; Shen, Z.; Zhang, W.; Wang, X. Investigation of Micro-Bending of Sheet Metal Laminates by Laser-Driven Soft Punch in Warm Conditions. Micromachines 2017, 8, 224.

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