Frequency-Dependent Electroformation of Giant Unilamellar Vesicles in 3D and 2D Microelectrode Systems
AbstractA giant unilamellar vesicle (GUV), with similar properties to cellular membrane, has been widely studied. Electroformation with its simplicity and accessibility has become the most common method for GUV production. In this work, GUV electroformation in devices with traditional 3D and new 2D electrode structures were studied with respect to the applied electric field. An optimal frequency (10 kHz in the 3D and 1 kHz in the 2D systems) was found in each system. A positive correlation was found between GUV formation and applied voltage in the 3D electrode system from 1 to 10 V. In the 2D electrode system, the yield of the generated GUV increased first but decreased later as voltage increased. These phenomena were further confirmed by numerically calculating the load that the lipid film experienced from the generated electroosmotic flow (EOF). The discrepancy between the experimental and numerical results of the 3D electrode system may be because the parameters that were adopted in the simulations are quite different from those of the lipid film in experiments. The lipid film was not involved in the simulation of the 2D system, and the numerical results matched well with the experiments. View Full-Text
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Wang, Q.; Zhang, X.; Fan, T.; Yang, Z.; Chen, X.; Wang, Z.; Xu, J.; Li, Y.; Hu, N.; Yang, J. Frequency-Dependent Electroformation of Giant Unilamellar Vesicles in 3D and 2D Microelectrode Systems. Micromachines 2017, 8, 24.
Wang Q, Zhang X, Fan T, Yang Z, Chen X, Wang Z, Xu J, Li Y, Hu N, Yang J. Frequency-Dependent Electroformation of Giant Unilamellar Vesicles in 3D and 2D Microelectrode Systems. Micromachines. 2017; 8(1):24.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Qiong; Zhang, Xiaoling; Fan, Ting; Yang, Zhong; Chen, Xi; Wang, Zhenyu; Xu, Jie; Li, Yuanyi; Hu, Ning; Yang, Jun. 2017. "Frequency-Dependent Electroformation of Giant Unilamellar Vesicles in 3D and 2D Microelectrode Systems." Micromachines 8, no. 1: 24.
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