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Micromachines 2017, 8(1), 22; doi:10.3390/mi8010022

Droplet Microfluidics for the Production of Microparticles and Nanoparticles

1
School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
2
Energy Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Sciences, Jinan 250014, China
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
4
Shandong Shengli Co., Ltd., Jinan 250101, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Say Hwa Tan
Received: 17 October 2016 / Revised: 6 January 2017 / Accepted: 6 January 2017 / Published: 14 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insights and Advancements in Microfluidics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5895 KB, uploaded 14 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Droplet microfluidics technology is recently a highly interesting platform in material fabrication. Droplets can precisely monitor and control entire material fabrication processes and are superior to conventional bulk techniques. Droplet production is controlled by regulating the channel geometry and flow rates of each fluid. The micro-scale size of droplets results in rapid heat and mass-transfer rates. When used as templates, droplets can be used to develop reproducible and scalable microparticles with tailored sizes, shapes and morphologies, which are difficult to obtain using traditional bulk methods. This technology can revolutionize material processing and application platforms. Generally, microparticle preparation methods involve three steps: (1) the formation of micro-droplets using a microfluidics generator; (2) shaping the droplets in micro-channels; and (3) solidifying the droplets to form microparticles. This review discusses the production of microparticles produced by droplet microfluidics according to their morphological categories, which generally determine their physicochemical properties and applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: microfluidics; microparticles; nanoparticles; monodisperse; emulsion; droplet microfluidics microfluidics; microparticles; nanoparticles; monodisperse; emulsion; droplet microfluidics
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Wang, J.; Li, Y.; Wang, X.; Wang, J.; Tian, H.; Zhao, P.; Tian, Y.; Gu, Y.; Wang, L.; Wang, C. Droplet Microfluidics for the Production of Microparticles and Nanoparticles. Micromachines 2017, 8, 22.

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