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Micromachines 2016, 7(4), 67; doi:10.3390/mi7040067

A Micro Saddle Coil with Switchable Sensitivity for Local High-Resolution Imaging of Luminal Tissue

Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, 1-13-27 Kasuga, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in the 28th IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), Estoril, Portugal, 18–22 January 2015.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kazunori Hoshino and Nam-Trung Nguyen
Received: 8 January 2016 / Revised: 31 March 2016 / Accepted: 11 April 2016 / Published: 21 April 2016
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Abstract

This paper reports on a micro saddle coil for local high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) fabricated by embedding a flexible coil pattern into a polydimethyilsiloxane (PDMS) tube. We can change the sensitivity of the micro coil by deforming the shape of the coil from a saddle-shaped mode to a planar-shaped mode. The inductance, the resistance, and the Q-factor of the coil in the saddle-shaped mode were 2.45 μH, 3.31 Ω, and 39.9, respectively. Those of the planar-shaped mode were 3.07 μH, 3.92 Ω, and 42.9, respectively. In MRI acquired in saddle-shaped mode, a large visible area existed around the coil. Although the sensitive area was considerably reduced in the planar-shaped mode, clear MRI images were obtained. The signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) of the saddle-shaped and planar-shaped modes were 194.9 and 505.9, respectively, at voxel size of 2.0 × 2.0 × 2.0 mm3 and 11.7 and 37.4, respectively, at voxel size of 0.5 × 0.5 × 1.0 mm3. The sensitivity of the saddle-shaped and the planar-shaped modes were about 3 times and 10 times higher, respectively, than those of the medical head coil at both voxel sizes. Thus, the micro saddle coil enabled large-area imaging and highly sensitive imaging by switching the shape of the coil. View Full-Text
Keywords: micro coil; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); saddle coil; switchable sensitivity micro coil; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); saddle coil; switchable sensitivity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Dohi, T.; Murashige, K. A Micro Saddle Coil with Switchable Sensitivity for Local High-Resolution Imaging of Luminal Tissue. Micromachines 2016, 7, 67.

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