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Micromachines 2016, 7(3), 49; doi:10.3390/mi7030049

Digital Micromirror Device (DMD)-Based High-Cycle Torsional Fatigue Testing Micromachine for 1D Nanomaterials

1,2
,
1,3
and
1,2,*
1
Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
2
Center for Advanced Structural Materials (CASM), Shenzhen Research Institute, City University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen 518057, China
3
Department of Aircraft Airworthiness Engineering, School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Toshio Fukuda, Mohd Ridzuan bin Ahmad and Nam-Trung Nguyen
Received: 31 October 2015 / Revised: 25 February 2016 / Accepted: 7 March 2016 / Published: 14 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro/Nano Robotics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5630 KB, uploaded 14 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Fatigue behavior of nanomaterials could ultimately limit their applications in variable nano-devices and flexible nanoelectronics. However, very few existing nanoscale mechanical testing instruments were designed for dedicated fatigue experiments, especially for the challenging torsional cyclic loading. In this work, a novel high-cycle torsion straining micromachine, based on the digital micromirror device (DMD), has been developed for the torsional fatigue study on various one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures, such as metallic and semiconductor nanowires. Due to the small footprint of the DMD chip itself and its cable-remote controlling mechanisms, it can be further used for the desired in situ testing under high-resolution optical or electron microscopes (e.g., scanning electron microscope (SEM)), which allows real-time monitoring of the fatigue testing status and construction of useful structure-property relationships for the nanomaterials. We have then demonstrated its applications for testing nanowire samples with diameters about 100 nm and 500 nm, up to 1000 nm, and some of them experienced over hundreds of thousands of loading cycles before fatigue failure. Due to the commercial availability of the DMD and millions of micromirrors available on a single chip, this platform could offer a low-cost and high-throughput nanomechanical solution for the uncovered torsional fatigue behavior of various 1D nanostructures. View Full-Text
Keywords: microelectromechanical systems (MEMS); nanomechanics; nano-fatigue; digital micromirror device (DMD); torsion; nanowire microelectromechanical systems (MEMS); nanomechanics; nano-fatigue; digital micromirror device (DMD); torsion; nanowire
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jiang, C.; Hu, D.; Lu, Y. Digital Micromirror Device (DMD)-Based High-Cycle Torsional Fatigue Testing Micromachine for 1D Nanomaterials. Micromachines 2016, 7, 49.

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