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Micromachines 2016, 7(10), 172; doi:10.3390/mi7100172

Full Polymer Dielectric Elastomeric Actuators (DEA) Functionalised with Carbon Nanotubes and High-K Ceramics

1
Chair of Laser and Surface Technology, Technische Universität Dresden, 01069 Dresden, Germany
2
Chair of Polymeric Microsystems, Technische Universität Dresden, 01069 Dresden, Germany
3
Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik (Fraunhofer IWS), Winterbergstraße 28, 01277 Dresden, Germany
4
Fraunhofer-Institut für Keramische Technologien und Systeme (Fraunhofer IKTS), Winterbergstraße 28, 01277 Dresden, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joost Lötters
Received: 6 July 2016 / Revised: 11 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 September 2016 / Published: 23 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymeric Microsystems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6112 KB, uploaded 23 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Dielectric elastomer actuators (DEA) are special devices which have a simple working and construction principle and outstanding actuation properties. The DEAs consist of a combination of different materials for the dielectric and electrode layers. The combination of these layers causes incompatibilities in their interconnections. Dramatic differences in the mechanical properties and bad adhesion of the layers are the principal causes for the reduction of the actuation displacement and strong reduction of lifetime. Common DEAs achieve actuation displacements of 2% and a durability of some million cycles. The following investigations represent a new approach to solving the problems of common systems. The investigated DEA consists of only one basic raw polymer, which was modified according to the required demands of each layer. The basic raw polymer was modified with single-walled carbon nanotubes or high-k ceramics, for example, lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate. The development of the full polymer DEA comprised the development of materials and technologies to realise a reproducible layer composition. It was proven that the full polymer actuator worked according to the theoretical rules. The investigated system achieved actuation displacements above 20% regarding thickness, outstanding interconnections at each layer without any failures, and durability above 3 million cycles without any indication of an impending malfunction. View Full-Text
Keywords: electroactive polymers; sensors; actuators; conductive polymers; technologies for polymeric microsystems; full polymer actuator; electromechanical characterization; polydimethylsiloxane electroactive polymers; sensors; actuators; conductive polymers; technologies for polymeric microsystems; full polymer actuator; electromechanical characterization; polydimethylsiloxane
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Köckritz, T.; Luther, R.; Paschew, G.; Jansen, I.; Richter, A.; Jost, O.; Schönecker, A.; Beyer, E. Full Polymer Dielectric Elastomeric Actuators (DEA) Functionalised with Carbon Nanotubes and High-K Ceramics. Micromachines 2016, 7, 172.

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