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Micromachines 2014, 5(2), 171-203; doi:10.3390/mi5020171
Review

3-D Micro and Nano Technologies for Improvements in Electrochemical Power Devices

1,* , 2,* , 1
 and 1,3
Received: 17 February 2014; in revised form: 27 March 2014 / Accepted: 28 March 2014 / Published: 8 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Power MEMS)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1366 KB, uploaded 8 April 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: This review focuses on recent advances in micro- and nano-fabrication techniques and their applications to electrochemical power devices, specifically microfabricated Lithium-ion batteries, enzymatic and microbial fuel cells (biofuel cells), and dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Although the maturity of these three technologies ranges from market ready (batteries) to fundamental research (biofuel cells) to applied research (DSSCs), advances in MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) and NEMS (Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems) techniques, particularly modifications in surface area and surface chemistry, and novel genetic and molecular engineering techniques, significantly improve the electrochemical activity of these technologies across the board. For each of these three categories of power-MEMS devices the review covers: (1) The technical challenges facing the performance and fabrication of electrochemical power devices; (2) Current MEMS and NEMS techniques used to improve efficiency; and (3) Future outlook and suggested improvements of MEMS and NEMS for implementation in electrochemical power devices.
Keywords: power devices; biofuel cell; dye sensitized solar cell; lithium battery; electrochemistry; MEMS; nanotechnology power devices; biofuel cell; dye sensitized solar cell; lithium battery; electrochemistry; MEMS; nanotechnology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Holmberg, S.; Perebikovsky, A.; Kulinsky, L.; Madou, M. 3-D Micro and Nano Technologies for Improvements in Electrochemical Power Devices. Micromachines 2014, 5, 171-203.

AMA Style

Holmberg S, Perebikovsky A, Kulinsky L, Madou M. 3-D Micro and Nano Technologies for Improvements in Electrochemical Power Devices. Micromachines. 2014; 5(2):171-203.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Holmberg, Sunshine; Perebikovsky, Alexandra; Kulinsky, Lawrence; Madou, Marc. 2014. "3-D Micro and Nano Technologies for Improvements in Electrochemical Power Devices." Micromachines 5, no. 2: 171-203.


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