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Micromachines 2012, 3(1), 114-125; doi:10.3390/mi3010114
Article

Integrated Biophotonics with CYTOP

1,*  and 2
Received: 24 January 2012; in revised form: 16 February 2012 / Accepted: 20 February 2012 / Published: 29 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano-photonic Devices)
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Abstract: We describe how the amorphous fluoropolymer CYTOP can be advantageously used as a waveguide cladding material in integrated optical circuits suitable for applications in integrated biophotonics. The unique refractive index of CYTOP (n = 1.34) enables the cladding material to be well index-matched to an optically probed sample solution. Furthermore, ultra-high index contrast waveguides can be fabricated, using conventional optical polymers as waveguide core materials, offering a route to large-scale integration of optical functions on a single chip. We discuss applications of this platform to evanescent-wave excitation fluorescence microscopy, passive and/or thermo-electrically-controlled on-chip light manipulation, on-chip light generation, and direct integration with microfluidic circuits through low-temperature bonding.
Keywords: lab-on-a-chip; fluorescence microscopy; integrated biophotonics; polymer waveguides; fluoropolymers; biosensors; microfluidics lab-on-a-chip; fluorescence microscopy; integrated biophotonics; polymer waveguides; fluoropolymers; biosensors; microfluidics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Leosson, K.; Agnarsson, B. Integrated Biophotonics with CYTOP. Micromachines 2012, 3, 114-125.

AMA Style

Leosson K, Agnarsson B. Integrated Biophotonics with CYTOP. Micromachines. 2012; 3(1):114-125.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leosson, Kristjan; Agnarsson, Björn. 2012. "Integrated Biophotonics with CYTOP." Micromachines 3, no. 1: 114-125.


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