Occurrence of Fusarium langsethiae and T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Italian Malting Barley
AbstractT-2 and HT-2 toxins are two of the most toxic members of type-A trichothecenes, produced by a number of Fusarium species. The occurrence of these mycotoxins was studied in barley samples during a survey carried out in the 2011–2014 growing seasons in climatically different regions in Italy. The percentage of samples found positive ranges from 22% to 53%, with values included between 26 and 787 μg/kg. The percentage of samples with a T-2 and HT-2 content above the EU indicative levels for barley of 200 μg/kg ranges from 2% to 19.6% in the 2011–2014 period. The fungal species responsible for the production of these toxins in 100% of positive samples has been identified as Fusarium langsethiae, a well-known producer of T-2 and HT-2 toxins. A positive correlation between the amount of F. langsethiae DNA and of the sum of T-2 and HT-2 toxins was found. This is the first report on the occurrence of F. langsethiae—and of its toxic metabolites T-2 and HT-2—in malting barley grown in Italy. View Full-Text
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Morcia, C.; Tumino, G.; Ghizzoni, R.; Badeck, F.W.; Lattanzio, V.M.; Pascale, M.; Terzi, V. Occurrence of Fusarium langsethiae and T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Italian Malting Barley. Toxins 2016, 8, 247.
Morcia C, Tumino G, Ghizzoni R, Badeck FW, Lattanzio VM, Pascale M, Terzi V. Occurrence of Fusarium langsethiae and T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Italian Malting Barley. Toxins. 2016; 8(8):247.Chicago/Turabian Style
Morcia, Caterina; Tumino, Giorgio; Ghizzoni, Roberta; Badeck, Franz W.; Lattanzio, Veronica M.; Pascale, Michelangelo; Terzi, Valeria. 2016. "Occurrence of Fusarium langsethiae and T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Italian Malting Barley." Toxins 8, no. 8: 247.
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