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Toxins 2015, 7(5), 1808-1820; doi:10.3390/toxins7051808

Influence of Honeybee Sting on Peptidome Profile in Human Serum

1
Department of Inorganic & Analytical Chemistry, Poznan University of Medical Sciences; 6 Grunwaldzka Street, Poznań 60-780, Poland
2
Ward of Paediatric Diseases, L. Perzyna Regional Unified Hospital in Kalisz 79 Poznańska Street, Kalisz 62-800, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sokcheon Pak
Received: 31 March 2015 / Accepted: 15 May 2015 / Published: 22 May 2015
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the serum peptide profiles from honeybee stung and non-stung individuals. Two groups of serum samples obtained from 27 beekeepers were included in our study. The first group of samples was collected within 3 h after a bee sting (stung beekeepers), and the samples were collected from the same person a second time after at least six weeks after the last bee sting (non-stung beekeepers). Peptide profile spectra were determined using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry combined with Omix, ZipTips and magnetic beads based on weak-cation exchange (MB-WCX) enrichment strategies in the mass range of 1–10 kDa. The samples were classified, and discriminative models were established by using the quick classifier, genetic algorithm and supervised neural network algorithms. All of the statistical algorithms used in this study allow distinguishing analyzed groups with high statistical significance, which confirms the influence of honeybee sting on the serum peptidome profile. The results of this study may broaden the understanding of the human organism’s response to honeybee venom. Due to the fact that our pilot study was carried out on relatively small datasets, it is necessary to conduct further proteomic research of the response to honeybee sting on a larger group of samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: honeybee venom; peptidome profiling; MALDI; sting honeybee venom; peptidome profiling; MALDI; sting
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Matysiak, J.; Światły, A.; Hajduk, J.; Matysiak, J.; Kokot, Z.J. Influence of Honeybee Sting on Peptidome Profile in Human Serum. Toxins 2015, 7, 1808-1820.

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