DXD Motif-Dependent and -Independent Effects of the Chlamydia trachomatis Cytotoxin CT166
AbstractThe Gram-negative, intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis causes acute and chronic urogenital tract infection, potentially leading to infertility and ectopic pregnancy. The only partially characterized cytotoxin CT166 of serovar D exhibits a DXD motif, which is important for the enzymatic activity of many bacterial and mammalian type A glycosyltransferases, leading to the hypothesis that CT166 possess glycosyltransferase activity. CT166-expressing HeLa cells exhibit actin reorganization, including cell rounding, which has been attributed to the inhibition of the Rho-GTPases Rac/Cdc42. Exploiting the glycosylation-sensitive Ras(27H5) antibody, we here show that CT166 induces an epitope change in Ras, resulting in inhibited ERK and PI3K signaling and delayed cell cycle progression. Consistent with the hypothesis that these effects strictly depend on the DXD motif, CT166 with the mutated DXD motif causes neither Ras-ERK inhibition nor delayed cell cycle progression. In contrast, CT166 with the mutated DXD motif is still capable of inhibiting cell migration, suggesting that CT166 with the mutated DXD motif cannot be regarded as inactive in any case. Taken together, CT166 affects various fundamental cellular processes, strongly suggesting its importance for the intracellular survival of chlamydia. View Full-Text
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Bothe, M.; Dutow, P.; Pich, A.; Genth, H.; Klos, A. DXD Motif-Dependent and -Independent Effects of the Chlamydia trachomatis Cytotoxin CT166. Toxins 2015, 7, 621-637.
Bothe M, Dutow P, Pich A, Genth H, Klos A. DXD Motif-Dependent and -Independent Effects of the Chlamydia trachomatis Cytotoxin CT166. Toxins. 2015; 7(2):621-637.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bothe, Miriam; Dutow, Pavel; Pich, Andreas; Genth, Harald; Klos, Andreas. 2015. "DXD Motif-Dependent and -Independent Effects of the Chlamydia trachomatis Cytotoxin CT166." Toxins 7, no. 2: 621-637.