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Toxins 2015, 7(1), 138-155; doi:10.3390/toxins7010138

Important Poisonous Plants in Tibetan Ethnomedicine

1,†
,
1,†
,
1
,
1
,
2
and
1,3,*
1
College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081, China
2
Department of Plant Biology and Pathology, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
3
Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nilgun E. Tumer
Received: 24 November 2014 / Accepted: 7 January 2015 / Published: 14 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Toxins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [712 KB, uploaded 14 January 2015]   |  

Abstract

Tibetan ethnomedicine is famous worldwide, both for its high effectiveness and unique cultural background. Many poisonous plants have been widely used to treat disorders in the Tibetan medicinal system. In the present review article, some representative poisonous plant species are introduced in terms of their significance in traditional Tibetan medicinal practices. They are Aconitum pendulum, Strychnos nux-vomica, Datura stramonium and Anisodus tanguticus, for which the toxic chemical constituents, bioactivities and pharmacological functions are reviewed herein. The most important toxins include aconitine, strychnine, scopolamine, and anisodamine. These toxic plants are still currently in use for pain-reduction and other purposes by Tibetan healers after processing. View Full-Text
Keywords: poisonous plants; Tibetan ethnomedicine; toxins; aconitine; strychnine; scopolamine; anisodamine poisonous plants; Tibetan ethnomedicine; toxins; aconitine; strychnine; scopolamine; anisodamine
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, L.; Gu, R.; Tang, L.; Chen, Z.-E.; Di, R.; Long, C. Important Poisonous Plants in Tibetan Ethnomedicine. Toxins 2015, 7, 138-155.

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