Toxins 2014, 6(4), 1366-1384; doi:10.3390/toxins6041366
Article

Trophic State and Toxic Cyanobacteria Density in Optimization Modeling of Multi-Reservoir Water Resource Systems

1,* email, 2email, 2email and 1email
Received: 8 January 2014; in revised form: 23 March 2014 / Accepted: 24 March 2014 / Published: 22 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine and Freshwater Toxins)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The definition of a synthetic index for classifying the quality of water bodies is a key aspect in integrated planning and management of water resource systems. In previous works [1,2], a water system optimization modeling approach that requires a single quality index for stored water in reservoirs has been applied to a complex multi-reservoir system. Considering the same modeling field, this paper presents an improved quality index estimated both on the basis of the overall trophic state of the water body and on the basis of the density values of the most potentially toxic Cyanobacteria. The implementation of the index into the optimization model makes it possible to reproduce the conditions limiting water use due to excessive nutrient enrichment in the water body and to the health hazard linked to toxic blooms. The analysis of an extended limnological database (1996–2012) in four reservoirs of the Flumendosa-Campidano system (Sardinia, Italy) provides useful insights into the strengths and limitations of the proposed synthetic index.
Keywords: trophic state index (TSI); Cyanobacteria; harmful algal blooms (HAB); optimization modeling; Flumendosa-Campidano water system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sulis, A.; Buscarinu, P.; Soru, O.; Sechi, G.M. Trophic State and Toxic Cyanobacteria Density in Optimization Modeling of Multi-Reservoir Water Resource Systems. Toxins 2014, 6, 1366-1384.

AMA Style

Sulis A, Buscarinu P, Soru O, Sechi GM. Trophic State and Toxic Cyanobacteria Density in Optimization Modeling of Multi-Reservoir Water Resource Systems. Toxins. 2014; 6(4):1366-1384.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sulis, Andrea; Buscarinu, Paola; Soru, Oriana; Sechi, Giovanni M. 2014. "Trophic State and Toxic Cyanobacteria Density in Optimization Modeling of Multi-Reservoir Water Resource Systems." Toxins 6, no. 4: 1366-1384.

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