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Toxins 2013, 5(8), 1343-1352; doi:10.3390/toxins5081343

Clinical Marine Toxicology: A European Perspective for Clinical Toxicologists and Poison Centers

Centre Antipoison, Hôpital Sainte Marguerite, 270 Boulevard Sainte Marguerite, Marseille 13009, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2013 / Revised: 25 July 2013 / Accepted: 25 July 2013 / Published: 2 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Collection Marine and Freshwater Toxins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [283 KB, uploaded 2 August 2013]


Clinical marine toxicology is a rapidly changing area. Many of the new discoveries reported every year in Europe involve ecological disturbances—including global warming—that have induced modifications in the chorology, behavior, and toxicity of many species of venomous or poisonous aquatic life including algae, ascidians, fish and shellfish. These changes have raised a number of public issues associated, e.g., poisoning after ingestion of contaminated seafood, envenomation by fish stings, and exposure to harmful microorganism blooms. The purpose of this review of medical and scientific literature in marine toxicology is to highlight the growing challenges induced by ecological disturbances that confront clinical toxicologists during the everyday job in the European Poison Centers. View Full-Text
Keywords: jellyfish; Physalia; Ostreopsis; shellfish poisoning; lessepsian fish jellyfish; Physalia; Ostreopsis; shellfish poisoning; lessepsian fish
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Schmitt, C.; De Haro, L. Clinical Marine Toxicology: A European Perspective for Clinical Toxicologists and Poison Centers. Toxins 2013, 5, 1343-1352.

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