Toxins 2013, 5(8), 1343-1352; doi:10.3390/toxins5081343
Review

Clinical Marine Toxicology: A European Perspective for Clinical Toxicologists and Poison Centers

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Received: 18 June 2013; in revised form: 25 July 2013 / Accepted: 25 July 2013 / Published: 2 August 2013
(This article belongs to the collection Marine and Freshwater Toxins)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Clinical marine toxicology is a rapidly changing area. Many of the new discoveries reported every year in Europe involve ecological disturbances—including global warming—that have induced modifications in the chorology, behavior, and toxicity of many species of venomous or poisonous aquatic life including algae, ascidians, fish and shellfish. These changes have raised a number of public issues associated, e.g., poisoning after ingestion of contaminated seafood, envenomation by fish stings, and exposure to harmful microorganism blooms. The purpose of this review of medical and scientific literature in marine toxicology is to highlight the growing challenges induced by ecological disturbances that confront clinical toxicologists during the everyday job in the European Poison Centers.
Keywords: jellyfish; Physalia; Ostreopsis; shellfish poisoning; lessepsian fish
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schmitt, C.; De Haro, L. Clinical Marine Toxicology: A European Perspective for Clinical Toxicologists and Poison Centers. Toxins 2013, 5, 1343-1352.

AMA Style

Schmitt C, De Haro L. Clinical Marine Toxicology: A European Perspective for Clinical Toxicologists and Poison Centers. Toxins. 2013; 5(8):1343-1352.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schmitt, Corinne; De Haro, Luc. 2013. "Clinical Marine Toxicology: A European Perspective for Clinical Toxicologists and Poison Centers." Toxins 5, no. 8: 1343-1352.


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