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Toxins 2013, 5(8), 1353-1361; doi:10.3390/toxins5081353

Occurrence of Deoxynivalenol in Wheat in Slovakia during 2010 and 2011

Plant Production Research Centre Piešťany, SK 921 68 Piešťany, Slovakia
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Received: 16 May 2013 / Revised: 23 July 2013 / Accepted: 24 July 2013 / Published: 2 August 2013
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Abstract

In this study, a total of 299 grain samples of wheat were collected from four production regions: the maize, sugar beet, potato and feed sectors of Slovakia. The samples were analyzed for deoxynivalenol (DON) content by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Ridascreen® Fast DON. Analysis of variance revealed a significant difference between years in DON contents (p < 0.027). The occurrence of samples with DON was 82.2% in 2010, with maximum DON content of 7.88 mg kg1, and 70.7% in 2011, with maximum DON content of 2.12 mg·kg−1. The total mean DON content was 0.62 mg·kg−1; in the feed region 0.22 mg·kg−1; 0.63 mg·kg−1 in the maize region; 0.78 mg·kg−1 in the sugar beet region; 0.45 mg·kg−1 the potato region. The limit of 1.25 mg·kg−1 imposed by the European Union (EU) for DON content was exceeded in 13.7% of the studied samples. The average monthly rainfall for May to June played a critical role in DON content of wheat grains for maize and sugar beet producing regions. The present results indicate that DON content was at a high level in grains from wheat grown during 2010.
Keywords: Fusarium toxin; Triticum aestivum L.; produced regions Fusarium toxin; Triticum aestivum L.; produced regions
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Šliková, S.; Gavurníková, S.; Šudyová, V.; Gregová, E. Occurrence of Deoxynivalenol in Wheat in Slovakia during 2010 and 2011. Toxins 2013, 5, 1353-1361.

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