Next Article in Journal
Influence of Fermentation and Drying Materials on the Contamination of Cocoa Beans by Ochratoxin A
Next Article in Special Issue
Deoxynivanelol and Fumonisin, Alone or in Combination, Induce Changes on Intestinal Junction Complexes and in E-Cadherin Expression
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Expression of Type-1 and Type-2 Nitric Oxide Synthase in Selected Tissues of the Gastrointestinal Tract during Mixed Mycotoxicosis
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Toxins 2013, 5(12), 2293-2309; doi:10.3390/toxins5122293

Exposure Assessment for Italian Population Groups to Deoxynivalenol Deriving from Pasta Consumption

Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica Veterinaria e Sicurezza Alimentare, Reparto OGM e Xenobiotici di origine fungina, Viale Regina Elena, Rome 299-00161, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 October 2013 / Revised: 18 November 2013 / Accepted: 19 November 2013 / Published: 26 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances and Perspectives in Deoxynivalenol Research)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [272 KB, uploaded 26 November 2013]   |  

Abstract

Four hundred and seventy-two pasta samples were collected from long retail distribution chain sales points located in North, Central and South Italy. Representative criteria in the sample collection were followed in terms of number of samples collected, market share, and types of pasta. Samples were analysed by an accredited HPLC-UV method of analysis. The mean contamination level (64.8 μg/kg) of deoxynivalenol (DON) was  in the 95th percentile (239 μg/kg) and 99th percentile (337 μg/kg), far below the legal limit (750 μg/kg) set by Regulation EC/1126/2007, accounting for about one tenth, one third and half the legal limit, respectively. Ninety-nine percent of samples fell below half the legal limit. On the basis of the obtained occurrence levels and considering the consumption rates reported by the Italian official database, no health concern was assessed for all consumer groups, being that exposure was far below the Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) of 1000 ng/kg b.w/day. Nevertheless, despite this, particular attention should be devoted to the exposure to DON by high consumers, such as children aged 3–5 years, who could reach the TDI even with very low levels of DON contamination. View Full-Text
Keywords: deoxynivalenol; pasta; exposure assessment; risk assessment; consumer groups; children; cereals deoxynivalenol; pasta; exposure assessment; risk assessment; consumer groups; children; cereals
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Brera, C.; Bertazzoni, V.; Debegnach, F.; Gregori, E.; Prantera, E.; De Santis, B. Exposure Assessment for Italian Population Groups to Deoxynivalenol Deriving from Pasta Consumption. Toxins 2013, 5, 2293-2309.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Toxins EISSN 2072-6651 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top