Abstract: Background: Two decades ago, botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) type A was introduced to the commercial market. Subsequently, the toxin was approved by the FDA to address several neurological syndromes, involving muscle, nerve, and gland hyperactivity. These syndromes have typically been associated with abnormalities in cholinergic transmission. Despite the multiplicity of botulinal serotypes (designated as types A through G), therapeutic preparations are currently only available for BoNT types A and B. However, other BoNT serotypes are under study for possible clinical use and new clinical indications; Objective: To review the current research on botulinum neurotoxin serotypes A-G, and to analyze potential applications within basic science and clinical settings; Conclusions: The increasing understanding of botulinal neurotoxin pathophysiology, including the neurotoxin’s effects on specific neuronal populations, will help us in tailoring treatments for specific diagnoses, symptoms and patients. Scientists and clinicians should be aware of the full range of available data involving neurotoxin subtypes A-G.
Keywords: Botulinum toxin serotypes; neurotoxins subtypes; neuro-pharmacology toxins
This is an open access article distributed under the
Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution,
and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Export to BibTeX
MDPI and ACS Style
Peng Chen, Z.; Morris, J.G., Jr.; Rodriguez, R.L.; Shukla, A.W.; Tapia-Núñez, J.; Okun, M.S. Emerging Opportunities for Serotypes of Botulinum Neurotoxins. Toxins 2012, 4, 1196-1222.
Peng Chen Z, Morris JG, Jr, Rodriguez RL, Shukla AW, Tapia-Núñez J, Okun MS. Emerging Opportunities for Serotypes of Botulinum Neurotoxins. Toxins. 2012; 4(11):1196-1222.
Peng Chen, Zhongxing; Morris, J. G., Jr.; Rodriguez, Ramon L.; Shukla, Aparna W.; Tapia-Núñez, John; Okun, Michael S. 2012. "Emerging Opportunities for Serotypes of Botulinum Neurotoxins." Toxins 4, no. 11: 1196-1222.