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Modes of Action of Microbially-Produced Phytotoxins
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Natural Products Utilization Research Unit, P. O. Box 8048, MS 38677, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 July 2011; in revised form: 15 August 2011 / Accepted: 17 August 2011 / Published: 22 August 2011
Abstract: Some of the most potent phytotoxins are synthesized by microbes. A few of these share molecular target sites with some synthetic herbicides, but many microbial toxins have unique target sites with potential for exploitation by the herbicide industry. Compounds from both non-pathogenic and pathogenic microbes are discussed. Microbial phytotoxins with modes of action the same as those of commercial herbicides and those with novel modes of action of action are covered. Examples of the compounds discussed are tentoxin, AAL-toxin, auscaulitoxin aglycone, hydantocidin, thaxtomin, and tabtoxin.
Keywords: antibiotic; herbicide; phytotoxin
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Duke, S.O.; Dayan, F.E. Modes of Action of Microbially-Produced Phytotoxins. Toxins 2011, 3, 1038-1064.
Duke SO, Dayan FE. Modes of Action of Microbially-Produced Phytotoxins. Toxins. 2011; 3(8):1038-1064.
Duke, Stephen O.; Dayan, Franck E. 2011. "Modes of Action of Microbially-Produced Phytotoxins." Toxins 3, no. 8: 1038-1064.