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Correction published on 23 October 2012, see Toxins 2012, 4(10), 955.

Toxins 2011, 3(8), 1038-1064; doi:10.3390/toxins3081038

Modes of Action of Microbially-Produced Phytotoxins

*  and
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Natural Products Utilization Research Unit, P. O. Box 8048, MS 38677, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 July 2011 / Revised: 15 August 2011 / Accepted: 17 August 2011 / Published: 22 August 2011
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Some of the most potent phytotoxins are synthesized by microbes. A few of these share molecular target sites with some synthetic herbicides, but many microbial toxins have unique target sites with potential for exploitation by the herbicide industry. Compounds from both non-pathogenic and pathogenic microbes are discussed. Microbial phytotoxins with modes of action the same as those of commercial herbicides and those with novel modes of action of action are covered. Examples of the compounds discussed are tentoxin, AAL-toxin, auscaulitoxin aglycone, hydantocidin, thaxtomin, and tabtoxin.
Keywords: antibiotic; herbicide; phytotoxin antibiotic; herbicide; phytotoxin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Duke, S.O.; Dayan, F.E. Modes of Action of Microbially-Produced Phytotoxins. Toxins 2011, 3, 1038-1064.

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