Toxins 2011, 3(6), 566-590; doi:10.3390/toxins3060566
Review

Aflatoxin B1 in Affecting Broiler’s Performance, Immunity, and Gastrointestinal Tract: A Review of History and Contemporary Issues

1 Institute of Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, A-1210 Vienna, Austria 2 VetCore Facility for Research, Proteomics Unit, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, A-1210 Vienna, Austria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 March 2011; in revised form: 11 May 2011 / Accepted: 16 May 2011 / Published: 14 June 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aflatoxins)
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Abstract: Aflatoxin B1 is a common contaminant of poultry feeds in tropical and subtropical climates. Research during the last five decades has well established the negative effects of the mycotoxin on health of poultry. However, the last ten years of relevant data have accentuated the potential of low levels of aflatoxin B1 to deteriorate broiler performance. In this regard, any attempt to establish a dose-effect relationship between aflatoxin B1 level and broiler performance is also complicated due to differences in types of broilers and length of exposure to the mycotoxin in different studies. Contrary to the prevalent notion regarding literature saturation with respect to aflatoxicosis of chicken, many areas of aflatoxicosis still need to be explored. Literature regarding effects of the mycotoxin on the gastrointestinal tract in this regard is particular scanty and non-conclusive. In addition to these issues, the metabolism of aflatoxin B1 and recently proposed hypotheses regarding biphasic effects of the mycotoxin in broilers are briefly discussed.
Keywords: aflatoxin; broiler; chicken; hormesis

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yunus, A.W.; Razzazi-Fazeli, E.; Bohm, J. Aflatoxin B1 in Affecting Broiler’s Performance, Immunity, and Gastrointestinal Tract: A Review of History and Contemporary Issues. Toxins 2011, 3, 566-590.

AMA Style

Yunus AW, Razzazi-Fazeli E, Bohm J. Aflatoxin B1 in Affecting Broiler’s Performance, Immunity, and Gastrointestinal Tract: A Review of History and Contemporary Issues. Toxins. 2011; 3(6):566-590.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yunus, Agha W.; Razzazi-Fazeli, Ebrahim; Bohm, Josef. 2011. "Aflatoxin B1 in Affecting Broiler’s Performance, Immunity, and Gastrointestinal Tract: A Review of History and Contemporary Issues." Toxins 3, no. 6: 566-590.

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