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Nutrients 2017, 9(9), 964; doi:10.3390/nu9090964

Collecting Evidence to Inform Salt Reduction Policies in Argentina: Identifying Sources of Sodium Intake in Adults from a Population-Based Sample

1
Centro de Excelencia en Salud Cardiovascular para el Cono Sur (CESCAS), C1414CPV Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
2
Escuela de Nutrición, Universidad de Buenos Aires, C1122AAD Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
3
Sanatorio San Carlos, Pcia de Río Negro, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina
4
Municipalidad de Marcos Paz, Pcia de Buenos Aires, 1727 Marcos Paz, Argentina
5
Ministerio de Salud de la Nación, C1073ABA Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 July 2017 / Revised: 21 August 2017 / Accepted: 23 August 2017 / Published: 31 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reducing Dietary Sodium and Improving Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1003 KB, uploaded 31 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

The maximum content of sodium in selected processed foods (PF) in Argentina was limited by a law enacted in 2013. Data about intake of these and other foods are necessary for policy planning, implementation, evaluation, and monitoring. We examined data from the CESCAS I population-based cohort study to assess the main dietary sources among PF and frequency of discretionary salt use by sex, age, and education attainment, before full implementation of the regulations in 2015. We used a validated 34-item FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire) to assess PF intake and discretional salt use. Among 2127 adults in two Argentinean cities, aged 35–76 years, mean salt intake from selected PFs was 4.7 g/day, higher among male and low education subgroups. Categories of foods with regulated maximum limits provided near half of the sodium intake from PFs. Use of salt (always/often) at the table and during cooking was reported by 9% and 73% of the population, respectively, with higher proportions among young people. Reducing salt consumption to the target of 5 g/day may require adjustments to the current regulation (reducing targets, including other food categories), as well as reinforcing strategies such as education campaigns, labeling, and voluntary agreement with bakeries. View Full-Text
Keywords: salt; sodium intake; food sources; processed foods; Argentina; adults; food frequency questionnaire; food policy salt; sodium intake; food sources; processed foods; Argentina; adults; food frequency questionnaire; food policy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Elorriaga, N.; Gutierrez, L.; Romero, I.B.; Moyano, D.L.; Poggio, R.; Calandrelli, M.; Mores, N.; Rubinstein, A.; Irazola, V. Collecting Evidence to Inform Salt Reduction Policies in Argentina: Identifying Sources of Sodium Intake in Adults from a Population-Based Sample. Nutrients 2017, 9, 964.

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