Next Article in Journal
Can Magnesium Enhance Exercise Performance?
Previous Article in Journal
Vitamin D Sufficiency of Canadian Children Did Not Improve Following the 2010 Revision of the Dietary Guidelines That Recommend Higher Intake of Vitamin D: An Analysis of the Canadian Health Measures Survey
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2017, 9(9), 947; doi:10.3390/nu9090947

Impact of Age and Race on Outcomes of a Program to Prevent Excess Weight Gain and Disordered Eating in Adolescent Girls

1
Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS), 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
2
Section on Growth and Obesity, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health (NIH), US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
3
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Colorado State University, 303 Behavioral Sciences Building, 1570 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
4
Radiology and Imaging Sciences Department, Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health (NIH), US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
5
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd., Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
6
Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid, Campus Box 8134, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
7
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Pennsylvania State University, 1850 E. Park Avenue, Suite 207, State College, PA 16803, USA
8
Department of Preventative Medicine & Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS), 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2017 / Revised: 23 August 2017 / Accepted: 23 August 2017 / Published: 28 August 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [557 KB, uploaded 28 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) prevents weight gain and reduces loss-of-control (LOC)-eating in adults. However, IPT was not superior to health-education (HE) for preventing excess weight gain and reducing LOC-eating over 1-year in adolescent girls at risk for excess weight gain and eating disorders. Limited data suggest that older and non-White youth may be especially responsive to IPT. In secondary analyses, we examined if age or race moderated weight and LOC-eating outcomes. The 113 participants (12–17 years; 56.6% White) from the original trial were re-contacted 3 years later for assessment. At baseline and follow-up visits through 3 years, we assessed BMI, adiposity by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and LOC-eating presence. In linear mixed models, baseline age moderated 3-year BMI outcome; older girls in IPT had the lowest 3-year BMI gain compared to younger girls in IPT and all girls in HE, p = 0.04. A similar pattern was observed for adiposity. Race moderated 3-year LOC-eating; non-White girls in IPT were most likely to abstain from LOC-eating at 3 years compared to all other girls, p = 0.04. This hypothesis-generating analysis suggests future studies should determine if IPT is especially efficacious at reducing LOC-eating in older, non-White adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: loss-of-control eating; obesity; BMI; adiposity; adolescent; age; race; interpersonal psychotherapy loss-of-control eating; obesity; BMI; adiposity; adolescent; age; race; interpersonal psychotherapy
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Burke, N.L.; Shomaker, L.B.; Brady, S.; Reynolds, J.C.; Young, J.F.; Wilfley, D.E.; Sbrocco, T.; Stephens, M.; Olsen, C.H.; Yanovski, J.A.; Tanofsky-Kraff, M. Impact of Age and Race on Outcomes of a Program to Prevent Excess Weight Gain and Disordered Eating in Adolescent Girls. Nutrients 2017, 9, 947.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top