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Nutrients 2017, 9(7), 728; doi:10.3390/nu9070728

Dietary Natural Products for Prevention and Treatment of Breast Cancer

1
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
2
School of Chinese Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
3
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
4
South China Sea Bioresource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 April 2017 / Revised: 30 June 2017 / Accepted: 30 June 2017 / Published: 8 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Polyphenol-Rich Foods on Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1702 KB, uploaded 8 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among females worldwide. Several epidemiological studies suggested the inverse correlation between the intake of vegetables and fruits and the incidence of breast cancer. Substantial experimental studies indicated that many dietary natural products could affect the development and progression of breast cancer, such as soy, pomegranate, mangosteen, citrus fruits, apple, grape, mango, cruciferous vegetables, ginger, garlic, black cumin, edible macro-fungi, and cereals. Their anti-breast cancer effects involve various mechanisms of action, such as downregulating ER-α expression and activity, inhibiting proliferation, migration, metastasis and angiogenesis of breast tumor cells, inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, and sensitizing breast tumor cells to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. This review summarizes the potential role of dietary natural products and their major bioactive components in prevention and treatment of breast cancer, and special attention was paid to the mechanisms of action. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; soy; fruit; vegetable; anticancer; mechanism of action breast cancer; soy; fruit; vegetable; anticancer; mechanism of action
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Li, Y.; Li, S.; Meng, X.; Gan, R.-Y.; Zhang, J.-J.; Li, H.-B. Dietary Natural Products for Prevention and Treatment of Breast Cancer. Nutrients 2017, 9, 728.

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