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Nutrients 2017, 9(7), 673; doi:10.3390/nu9070673

Nuts and Dried Fruits: An Update of Their Beneficial Effects on Type 2 Diabetes

1
Human Nutrition Unit, Biochemistry and Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Hospital of Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, St/Sant Llorenç 21, 43201 Reus, Spain
2
CIBERobn Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 22 June 2017 / Published: 28 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Diet Factors in Type 2 Diabetes)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [650 KB, uploaded 28 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Nuts and dried fruit are essential foods in the Mediterranean diet. Their frequent consumption has been associated with the prevention and/or the management of such metabolic conditions as type 2 diabetes (T2D), metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. Several previous reviews of epidemiological studies and clinical trials have evaluated the associations of nuts and/or dried fruit with various metabolic disorders. However, no reviews have focused on the mechanisms underlying the role of nuts and/or dried fruit in insulin resistance and T2D. This review aims to report nut and dried-fruit nutritional interventions in animals and humans, and to focus on mechanisms that could play a significant role in the prevention and treatment of insulin resistance and T2D. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes; nuts; dried fruits; insulin resistance; mechanisms; clinical trials diabetes; nuts; dried fruits; insulin resistance; mechanisms; clinical trials
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Hernández-Alonso, P.; Camacho-Barcia, L.; Bulló, M.; Salas-Salvadó, J. Nuts and Dried Fruits: An Update of Their Beneficial Effects on Type 2 Diabetes. Nutrients 2017, 9, 673.

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