Next Article in Journal
Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and Lactobacillus acidophilus La-14 Attenuate Gardnerella vaginalis-Infected Bacterial Vaginosis in Mice
Previous Article in Journal
(−)-Epiafzelechin Protects against Ovariectomy-induced Bone Loss in Adult Mice and Modulate Osteoblastic and Osteoclastic Functions In Vitro
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2017, 9(5), 529; doi:10.3390/nu9050529

A Novel Millet-Based Probiotic Fermented Food for the Developing World

1
Food Microbiology, University of Wageningen, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
2
F3-106, Lawson Health Research Institute, 268 Grosvenor Street, London, ON N6A 4V2, Canada
3
Food and Nutritional Sciences, Brescia College, London, ON N6G 1H2, Canada
4
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1391 Sandford Street, London, ON N5V 4T3, Canada
5
Departments of Microbiology & Immunology and Surgery, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
These authors contributed equally to this work and are joint first authors.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2017 / Revised: 3 May 2017 / Accepted: 17 May 2017 / Published: 22 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2781 KB, uploaded 22 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Probiotic yogurt, comprised of a Fiti sachet containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Streptococcus thermophilus C106, has been used in the developing world, notably Africa, to alleviate malnutrition and disease. In sub-Saharan African countries, fermentation of cereals such as millet, is culturally significant. The aim of this study was to investigate the fermentation capability of millet when one gram of the Fiti sachet consortium was added. An increase of 1.8 and 1.4 log CFU/mL was observed for S. thermophilus C106 and L. rhamnosus GR-1 when grown in 8% millet in water. Single cultures of L. rhamnosus GR-1 showed the highest μmax when grown in the presence of dextrose, galactose and fructose. Single cultures of S. thermophilus C106 showed the highest μmax when grown in the presence of sucrose and lactose. All tested recipes reached viable counts of the probiotic bacteria, with counts greater than 106 colony-forming units (CFU)/mL. Notably, a number of organic acids were quantified, in particular phytic acid, which was shown to decrease when fermentation time increased, thereby improving the bioavailability of specific micronutrients. Millet fermented in milk proved to be the most favorable, according to a sensory evaluation. In conclusion, this study has shown that sachets being provided to African communities to produce fermented milk, can also be used to produce fermented millet. This provides an option for when milk supplies are short, or if communities wish to utilize the nutrient-rich qualities of locally-grown millet. View Full-Text
Keywords: probiotic; millet; yogurt; cereal; fermentation; sub-Saharan Africa probiotic; millet; yogurt; cereal; fermentation; sub-Saharan Africa
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Di Stefano, E.; White, J.; Seney, S.; Hekmat, S.; McDowell, T.; Sumarah, M.; Reid, G. A Novel Millet-Based Probiotic Fermented Food for the Developing World. Nutrients 2017, 9, 529.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top