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Nutrients 2017, 9(5), 431; doi:10.3390/nu9050431

An Exploratory Study on the Influence of Psychopathological Risk and Impulsivity on BMI and Perceived Quality of Life in Obese Patients

1
Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
2
Faculty of Psychology, International Telematic University UNINETTUNO, 00100 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Experimental Medicine-Medical Physiopathology, Food Science and Endocrinology Section, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 January 2017 / Revised: 18 April 2017 / Accepted: 24 April 2017 / Published: 26 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating Disorders, Diet-Related Diseases, and Metabolic Health)
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Abstract

The present study aimed to assess the psychological profiles of adult male and female obese patients, as well as to verify the possible influence of their psychopathological risk and impulsivity on their body mass index (BMI) and perceived quality of life. A total of 64 obese subjects accessing a center for care of their obesity were assessed through anthropometric and psychometric measurements. All anthropometric measures in men were higher than in women, while in turn, women showed higher psychopathological symptoms. Furthermore, the symptoms of somatization and psychoticism were predictors for a higher BMI in men, but there was no effect of psychopathological symptoms on the perceived quality of life (QoL) of male subjects. Moreover, in women, somatization and attentional impulsivity were predictors for a higher BMI, whereas no correlation was found between their psychopathological risk and perceived QoL. The results of regression analysis underlined that somatization is a “core” psychopathological symptom in obese subjects regardless of their sex, which is a potential predictor for a higher BMI. The psychological difficulties of the subjects had no effect on their perceived QoL, suggesting that they find it difficult to reflect on the impact that obesity has on their life. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; perceived quality of life; psychopathological risk; impulsivity obesity; perceived quality of life; psychopathological risk; impulsivity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tambelli, R.; Cerniglia, L.; Cimino, S.; Ballarotto, G.; Paciello, M.; Lubrano, C.; Marchitelli, S.; Gnessi, L.; Lenzi, A. An Exploratory Study on the Influence of Psychopathological Risk and Impulsivity on BMI and Perceived Quality of Life in Obese Patients. Nutrients 2017, 9, 431.

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