Next Article in Journal
Associations between Diet and Toenail Arsenic Concentration among Pregnant Women in Bangladesh: A Prospective Study
Previous Article in Journal
Sodium and Potassium Intake in Healthy Adults in Thessaloniki Greater Metropolitan Area—The Salt Intake in Northern Greece (SING) Study
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2017, 9(4), 419; doi:10.3390/nu9040419

The Reliability of the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) Questionnaire

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
Boutique Fitness Studio “Vježbaonica”, Center for Recreation and Fitness, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 March 2017 / Revised: 19 April 2017 / Accepted: 21 April 2017 / Published: 23 April 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [238 KB, uploaded 23 April 2017]


The purpose of the present study was to determine the test–retest reliability of the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) questionnaire in college students. Two hundred and seventy-six college students (127 men, 46%; 149 women, 54%; mean age 19.70 ± 1.32 years; mean height 1.75 ± 0.09 m; mean weight 69.28 ± 13.84 kg; mean body-mas index 22.41 ± 3.19 kg/m2) participated in the study. To investigate the reliability of the KIDMED questionnaire, the participants were asked to complete the questionnaire on two occasions two weeks apart, stratified by gender. Kappa statistics showed moderate to excellent agreement (ranging from 0.504 to 0.849) in the total sample and moderate to excellent agreement in both men (ranging from 0.467 to 0.803) and women (ranging from 0.435 to 0.927). Results in the total KIDMED score showed a moderate correlation between two occasions inthe total sample (κ = 0.597, p < 0.001) and in women (κ = 0.586, p < 0.001) and a good correlation in men (κ = 0.611, p < 0.001). Our study shows that the KIDMED questionnaire is a reliable instrument for assessing adherence to the Mediterranean diet in college students. Future studies should focus on investigating the reliability of the questionnaire in other countries and in different age groups for generating comparable data. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; questionnaire; nutrition; young adults; reliability Mediterranean diet; questionnaire; nutrition; young adults; reliability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Štefan, L.; Prosoli, R.; Juranko, D.; Čule, M.; Milinović, I.; Novak, D.; Sporiš, G. The Reliability of the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) Questionnaire. Nutrients 2017, 9, 419.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top