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Nutrients 2017, 9(12), 1322; doi:10.3390/nu9121322

Effect of Grazing Behavior on Weight Regain Post-Bariatric Surgery: A Systematic Review

1
Graduate Program of Human Nutrition, University of Brasília, Brasília 70910-900, Brazil
2
Department of Nutrition, University of Brasilia, Brasília 70910-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 September 2017 / Revised: 24 October 2017 / Accepted: 25 October 2017 / Published: 5 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Approaches to Prevent Weight Regain)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [630 KB, uploaded 5 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

Grazing, a type of maladaptive eating behavior, has been associated with poor weight outcomes in bariatric patients. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the association between grazing behavior and weight regain post-bariatric surgery. Literature searches, study selection, design of the method, and quality appraisal were carried out by two independent authors. The search strategy was performed until October 2017 in Medline, Embase, Cochrane, Lilacs, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and Open Grey. Of a total of 3764 articles, five papers met the inclusion criteria (four original articles and one thesis), comprising 994 subjects, mostly women. The prevalence of grazing behavior ranged from 16.6 to 46.6%, and the highest prevalence of significant weight regain was 47%. The association between grazing and weight regain was observed in four of the five evaluated studies. Our findings support an association between grazing behavior and weight regain after bariatric surgery, regardless of surgery type and contextual concept of grazing. Further studies are needed to confirm the clarity of the real prevalence and interfering factors related to grazing behavior and weight outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: grazing; eating behavior; weight regain; bariatric surgery; systematic review grazing; eating behavior; weight regain; bariatric surgery; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pizato, N.; Botelho, P.B.; Gonçalves, V.S.S.; Dutra, E.S.; de Carvalho, K.M.B. Effect of Grazing Behavior on Weight Regain Post-Bariatric Surgery: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1322.

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