Next Article in Journal
Pilot Study: Comparison of Sourdough Wheat Bread and Yeast-Fermented Wheat Bread in Individuals with Wheat Sensitivity and Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Previous Article in Journal
Vitamin C and Immune Function
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2017, 9(11), 1212; doi:10.3390/nu9111212

Micronutrient Dietary Intake in Latina Pregnant Adolescents and Its Association with Level of Depression, Stress, and Social Support

1
Division of Behavioral Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
2
Medical School for International Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Be’er Sheva 84105, Israel
3
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
4
Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
5
New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
6
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 September 2017 / Revised: 26 October 2017 / Accepted: 1 November 2017 / Published: 4 November 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [454 KB, uploaded 4 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester. Stress was measured using the Perceived Stress Scale and the Prenatal Distress Questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were evaluated with the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale. Social support satisfaction was measured using the Social Support Questionnaire. More than 50% of pregnant teenagers had an inadequate intake (excluding dietary supplement) of folate, vitamin A, vitamin E, iron, zinc, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorous. Additionally, >20% of participants had an inadequate intake of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, copper, and selenium. Prenatal supplement inclusion improved dietary intake for most micronutrients except for calcium, magnesium, and phosphorous, (>50% below the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)) and for copper and selenium (>20% below the EAR). Higher depressive symptoms were associated with higher energy, carbohydrates, and fats, and lower magnesium intake. Higher social support satisfaction was positively associated with dietary intake of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin E, iron, and zinc. The findings suggest that mood and dietary factors are associated and should be considered together for health interventions during adolescent pregnancy for the young woman and her future child. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent; pregnancy; micronutrients; nutritional status; mood adolescent; pregnancy; micronutrients; nutritional status; mood
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Singh, A.; Trumpff, C.; Genkinger, J.; Davis, A.; Spann, M.; Werner, E.; Monk, C. Micronutrient Dietary Intake in Latina Pregnant Adolescents and Its Association with Level of Depression, Stress, and Social Support. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1212.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top