Next Article in Journal
Intravenous Administration of Lycopene, a Tomato Extract, Protects against Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury
Previous Article in Journal
Extract of Polygonum cuspidatum Attenuates Diabetic Retinopathy by Inhibiting the High-Mobility Group Box-1 (HMGB1) Signaling Pathway in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2016, 8(3), 137; doi:10.3390/nu8030137

Prevalence of Nutrition and Health-Related Claims on Pre-Packaged Foods: A Five-Country Study in Europe

1
European Food Information Council, rue Paul-Emile Janson 6, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
2
Nutrition Institute, Tržaška cesta 40, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
4
British Heart Foundation Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
5
Food, Consumer Behaviour and Health Research Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
6
Institute for Consumer and Behavioural Research, Saarland University, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
7
Agrifood Research and Technology Centre of Aragon, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 December 2015 / Revised: 28 January 2016 / Accepted: 25 February 2016 / Published: 3 March 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [780 KB, uploaded 24 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study is part of the research undertaken in the EU funded project CLYMBOL (“Role of health-related CLaims and sYMBOLs in consumer behaviour”). The first phase of this project consisted of mapping the prevalence of symbolic and non-symbolic nutrition and health-related claims (NHC) on foods and non-alcoholic beverages in five European countries. Pre-packaged foods and drinks were sampled based on a standardized sampling protocol, using store lists or a store floor plan. Data collection took place across five countries, in three types of stores. A total of 2034 foods and drinks were sampled and packaging information was analyzed. At least one claim was identified for 26% (95% CI (24.0%–27.9%)) of all foods and drinks sampled. Six percent of these claims were symbolic. The majority of the claims were nutrition claims (64%), followed by health claims (29%) and health-related ingredient claims (6%). The most common health claims were nutrient and other function claims (47% of all claims), followed by disease risk reduction claims (5%). Eight percent of the health claims were children’s development and health claims but these were only observed on less than 1% (0.4%–1.1%) of the foods. The category of foods for specific dietary use had the highest proportion of NHC (70% of foods carried a claim). The prevalence of symbolic and non-symbolic NHC varies across European countries and between different food categories. This study provides baseline data for policy makers and the food industry to monitor and evaluate the use of claims on food packaging. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition claims; health claims; health symbols; food supply; monitoring nutrition claims; health claims; health symbols; food supply; monitoring
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hieke, S.; Kuljanic, N.; Pravst, I.; Miklavec, K.; Kaur, A.; Brown, K.A.; Egan, B.M.; Pfeifer, K.; Gracia, A.; Rayner, M. Prevalence of Nutrition and Health-Related Claims on Pre-Packaged Foods: A Five-Country Study in Europe. Nutrients 2016, 8, 137.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top