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Nutrients 2016, 8(3), 140; doi:10.3390/nu8030140

Extract of Polygonum cuspidatum Attenuates Diabetic Retinopathy by Inhibiting the High-Mobility Group Box-1 (HMGB1) Signaling Pathway in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats

Korean Medicine Convergence Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 34054, Korea
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Received: 6 November 2015 / Revised: 18 February 2016 / Accepted: 25 February 2016 / Published: 3 March 2016
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Abstract

High-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) is a well-known pro-inflammatory cytokine. We aimed to investigate the effect of the ethanol extract of the root of P. cuspidatum (PCE) on retinal inflammation in diabetic retinopathy. PCE (100 or 350 mg/kg/day) was administered to diabetic rats for 16 weeks, and hyperglycemia and body weight loss developed in the diabetic rats. The retinal expression levels of HMGB1 and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and the activity of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in the retina were examined. Additionally, a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay was performed to analyze the binding of NF-κB binding to the RAGE promoter in the diabetic retinas. The levels of HMGB1 and RAGE expression, NF-κB activity, and NF-κB binding to the RAGE promoter were increased in the diabetic retinas. However, treatment with PCE ameliorated the increases in HMGB1 and RAGE expression, and NF-κB activity in the retina. In addition, in diabetic rats, retinal vascular permeability and the loosening of the tight junctions were inhibited by PCE. These findings suggest that PCE has a preventative effect against diabetes-induced vascular permeability by inhibiting HMGB1-RAGE-NF-κB activation in diabetic retinas. The oral administration of PCE may significantly help to suppress the development of diabetic retinopathy in patients with diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetic retinopathy; high-mobility group box-1; receptor for advanced glycation end products; nuclear factor-kappa B diabetic retinopathy; high-mobility group box-1; receptor for advanced glycation end products; nuclear factor-kappa B
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sohn, E.; Kim, J.; Kim, C.-S.; Lee, Y.M.; Kim, J.S. Extract of Polygonum cuspidatum Attenuates Diabetic Retinopathy by Inhibiting the High-Mobility Group Box-1 (HMGB1) Signaling Pathway in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats. Nutrients 2016, 8, 140.

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