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Nutrients 2016, 8(3), 114; doi:10.3390/nu8030114

Association between Knowledge about Comprehensive Food Education and Increase in Dental Caries in Japanese University Students: A Prospective Cohort Study

1
Departments of Preventive Dentistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan
2
Advanced Research Center for Oral and Craniofacial Sciences, Okayama University Dental School, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8558, Japan
3
Health Service Center, Okayama University, 2-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8530, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carole A. Palmer
Received: 2 December 2015 / Revised: 26 January 2016 / Accepted: 19 February 2016 / Published: 25 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Oral Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [219 KB, uploaded 25 February 2016]

Abstract

In Japan, comprehensive food education (shokuiku) programs are carried out with the aim of improving dietary practices and thereby reducing the incidence of lifestyle-related diseases, including dental caries. The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the association between knowledge about shokuiku and the increase in dental caries among Japanese university students who had attended a shokuiku program while in junior/senior high school. A total of 562 students volunteered to undergo oral examinations over a three-year follow-up period, during which the number of cases of dental caries were recorded. Additional information was collected using a questionnaire survey regarding knowledge about shokuiku, dietary habits, and oral health behaviors. In logistic regression analysis, males who lacked knowledge about shokuiku had significantly higher odds for dental caries than those who did not (odds ratio (OR), 2.00; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12–3.58; p = 0.019). On the other hand, among females, those who frequently consumed sugar-sweetened soft drinks had significantly higher odds for dental caries than those who did not (OR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.05–3.42; p = 0.035). These results suggest that having no knowledge about shokuiku is associated with a risk of increase in dental caries in Japanese male university students. View Full-Text
Keywords: food education; dental caries; university students; cohort studies; behavioral science food education; dental caries; university students; cohort studies; behavioral science
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kunitomo, M.; Ekuni, D.; Mizutani, S.; Tomofuji, T.; Irie, K.; Azuma, T.; Yamane, M.; Kataoka, K.; Taniguchi-Tabata, A.; Mizuno, H.; Miyai, H.; Iwasaki, Y.; Morita, M. Association between Knowledge about Comprehensive Food Education and Increase in Dental Caries in Japanese University Students: A Prospective Cohort Study. Nutrients 2016, 8, 114.

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